SANTA CRUZ DE TENERIFE, December 30 (EUROPA PRESS) –
The company Cultania. Comprehensive Management of Cultural Heritage, in collaboration with the Museum of Nature and Archeology and funding from the Canarian Institute of Cultural Development, is developing a project to document in three dimensions about twenty human remains belonging to the Guanche culture and which are kept in the funds of the Archaeological Museum of Tenerife.
For this, a photogrammetric methodology has been used, consisting of taking photographs of the entire surface of the different elements, with which a 3D reconstruction is subsequently carried out.
Photogrammetry is a documentation technique that has advanced notably in recent years in its application to cultural heritage and brings with it numerous advantages for the conservation, visualization and dissemination of cultural assets.
In fact, more and more museums are betting on this technology to make their collections known in an innovative way.
The different models generated can be consulted through the website or the Sketchfab application, a platform that allows you to view objects and other elements in 3D, specifically through the address https://sketchfab.com/cultania.
In this case, the project directed by Josué Ramos and Javier Soler has focused on the documentation of bioanthropological remains: bones from all parts of the human anatomy, such as tibiae, fibulae, sacral bones, pelvis, as well as skulls, jaws and even partially or completely mummified remains.
In addition, it has been sought that its origin is as diverse as possible, encompassing not only archaeological sites from different areas of Tenerife, but also from different times.
Specifically, it ranges from excavations in the 1940s and 1950s carried out by Luis Diego Cuscoy such as Llano de Maja (Las Cañadas), Barranco Cruz de las Ánimas (Candelaria), El Masapé (San Juan de la Rambla), Cueva de La Lana (Tacoronte) or Cueva de los Guanches (Tegueste), to other more recent interventions such as, for example, those of Majagora (Guía de Isora), Cueva de San Marcos (Icod de los Vinos) or Mesa del Mar (Tacoronte).
Likewise, remains have been worked from collections, such as that of Villa Benítez (which has a skull in which remains of a benign tumor appear), or from donations (such as a skull of San Andrés that presents an interesting example of trepanation).
The choice of the remains, directly supervised by the bioanthropologists Conrado Rodríguez Maffiote and Mercedes Martín Oval, has tried to highlight the diversity of diseases and fractures that are known from aboriginal times.
DEGENERATIVE PROCESSES AND INJURIES
In this sense, the diseases that the remains present range from the most common in populations of the past, such as those linked to degenerative processes such as osteoarthritis, sinusitis or abscesses, to others common in societies with high physical intensity such as periostitis ( inflammation of the bones), fractures (of the septum, for example), or trauma of a very diverse origin, not only caused by falls, but also by the impact of lithic instruments that, as in the case of a skull from Garachico, reached affecting the entire right side of the head caused significant trauma that, however, was overcome by distinguishing scar marks.
Many of these bruises or fractures were caused after performing a series of activities that, such as running, climbing or jumping, have traditionally been associated with daily practices of the Guanches.
Among the latter, the remains that show evidence of trepanation, a surgical technique consisting of making incisions in the skull to relieve pressure and closely linked to the presence of headaches or migraines, stand out, due to their well-documented singularity in the Canary Islands.
Among the examples reproduced, some stand out in which it is observed how, after the intervention, the bone cauterized, which indicates that the individual managed to survive the operation.
In addition, there are also mummified remains consisting of almost complete bodies, such as a torso with an abdominal cavity that preserves remains of mummified viscera, or isolated bones in which soft tissues still adhere, such as the skull of an old woman, from Anaga , which partially conserves the neck, the left ear and part of the nose.